What is neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback is a specific application of biofeedback to visualize and train the electrical activity of the brain, the electroencephalography(EEG). Through visualization of the EEG people learn to better self-regulate their brain activity, according to the principle of operant conditioning. Neurofeedback is a non-pharmacological and non-invasive method for training brainwaves. It focuses on optimizing the brain, rather than suppressing symptoms like medication does. With successful neurofeedback training, the medications targeting brain function may be reduced or no longer required.
Neurofeedback, sometimes referred to as EEG biofeedback, neurotherapy or cognitive enhancement, addresses brain disregulation. To get a full physiological view and insights in mind-body interaction, true power lies in combining neurofeedback with other physiological signals like Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Skin Conductance (SC/GSR).
Research shows that neurofeedback, alone and in combination with other behavioral therapies, is effective for treating several attention related problems and sleep disorders. Please see this review from the International Society for Neurofeedback & Research (ISNR) for more information.
Types of neurofeedback
types of neurofeedback which are useful for clinical application:
Frequency Band Training