WHAT IS BIOFEEDBACK?
Biofeedback is a method to visualize and train physiological activity that results from the mind-body interface. By using these signals as real-time feedback, people can learn to become aware of usually unconscious processes, thereby being able to self-regulate physiological processes in order to improve health.
The ultimate goal of biofeedback is to gain more control over physiological processes and influencing behavior that leads to misbalances in these processes. Biofeedback is about reaching optimal health across physical, mental and emotional states. It focuses on treating the cause of health problems, rather than treating symptoms.
Research shows that biofeedback, alone and in combination with other behavioral therapies, is effective for treating a variety of medical and psychological disorders. Please see the Assocation for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB) review of efficacy ratings for an overview of biofeedback and neurofeedback applications.
WHAT IS NEUROFEEDBACK?
Neurofeedback is a specific application of biofeedback to visualize and train the electrical activity of the brain, the electroencephalography(EEG). Through visualization of the EEG people learn to better self-regulate their brain activity, according to the principle of operant conditioning. Neurofeedback is a non-pharmacological and non-invasive method for training brainwaves. It focuses on optimizing the brain, rather than suppressing symptoms like medication does. With successful neurofeedback training, the medications targeting brain function may be reduced or no longer required.
Neurofeedback, sometimes referred to as EEG biofeedback, neurotherapy or cognitive enhancement, addresses brain disregulation. To get a full physiological view and insights in mind-body interaction, true power lies in combining neurofeedback with other physiological signals like Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Skin Conductance (SC/GSR).
Research shows that neurofeedback, alone and in combination with other behavioral therapies, is effective for treating several attention related problems and sleep disorders. Please see this review from the International Society for Neurofeedback & Research (ISNR) for more information.
What is Qeeg?
QEEG stands for quantified EEG. The qEEG provides understanding of the EEG and brain function. By quantifying EEG the activity in different brain areas, the activity in these areas and their interaction can be shown, both numerical but also visualized with color coded maps. The EEG and the derived qEEG information can be interpreted and used as a clinical tool to evaluate brain function, and to track the changes in brain function due to various interventions such as neurofeedback or medication. qEEG data can also be compared to different qEEG databases and used as an assessment and prognostic tool and is also used for training. Brain mapping is a set of neuroscience techniques predicated on the mapping of quantities or properties onto spatial representations of the brain resulting in maps.
One of the simplest forms of quantitative EEG is a spectral analysis. Most often qEEG refers to a recording and quantification of 19 or more positions, often through special EEG Caps. It can provide an overview of the dynamic changes taking place throughout the brain during cognitive processing tasks, and this novel approach can be used to assist us in determining which areas of the brain are engaged and processing efficiently or not. To get a full physiological view and insights in mind-body interaction, true power lies in combining qEEG with other physiological signals like Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Skin Conductance (SC/GSR).
What are the advantages of Biofeedback, neurofeedback & QEEG?
- Assess physiological responses and dysfunctional patterns
- Treating the cause of a problem instead of treating symptoms
- Non-pharmacological and non-invasive solution
- Learn self-awareness over unconscious physiological changes
- Visualizing the mind-body interface and creating an interface to adopt new behavior
- Active role and participation of client
- Personalized training with multimedia like videos, images and games
Areas of Application
Ideal Process for training with patients?
Offer Biofeedback, Neurofeedback, &/or QEEG as an addition to existing treatments. Biofeedback & Neurofeedback training consists of the following steps:
MITA- Measure, Interpret, Train, Analyze
Measure- Measure physiological and neurophysiological function of a client using peripheral and EEG measuring tools. A cognitive assessment is also recommended.
Interpret- Analyze and interpret data measured, individual intake reports of experienced issues, and background history. Create a training plan in order to address physiological imbalances as well as address emotional or cognitive stressors.
Train- Provide real-time feedback linked to the physiological states. A client can be rewarded for success with audio &/or visual feedback. Utilizing cutting edge technology we can help provide the individual a better understanding of their mind body functioning.
Analyze- Analyze physiological effects/changes of one or multiple training sessions.